Traumatic brain injury causes and impact on accident victims

Traumatic brain injury

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of serious and fatal injuries. Data from 2006-2014 showed a 53 percent increase in the number of emergency department visits, hospitalizations and fatalities linked to TBIs. People who sustain TBIs often experience debilitating physical and cognitive symptoms, some of which can last a lifetime.

Car accidents are the second-leading causes of TBIs, accounting for 20 percent of them. Falls are the leading cause and account for more than half of TBIs.

The CDC data from 2014 showed that among those who died from TBIs:

  • The majority were 75 years old or older
  • Car accidents were the leading cause of death among people ages 15-24, 25-34, and 75 or older

Common causes of crash-related TBIs

Crash-related TBIs often occur due to:

  • Blunt force — A car occupant's head makes contact with the dashboard, steering wheel, windshield or airbag. This is common in frontal and head-on collisions.
  • Shaking or rattling of the brain — A car occupant suffers a TBI due to violent shaking or rattling of the brain. This is common in rear-end collisions when a person's head jerks back-and-forth in a rapid motion and/or hits the headrest. Violent shaking can also occur in rollover crashes and T-bone accidents.
  • Penetration — Projectiles and sharp car parts can penetrate the skull and cause a severe open-head injury.

Common TBI symptoms

According to the CDC, there are generally four types of TBI symptoms that are common with concussions and mild TBIs. These include:

  • Cognitive symptoms — Confusion, poor concentration, delayed reactions or thought processes, difficulty thinking clearly and memory loss.
  • Physical symptoms — Headaches, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, vertigo, sensitivity to light and/or noise, and blurred vision.
  • Emotional and mood-related symptoms — Extreme mood changes, nervousness or anxiety, depression or sadness, and irritability.
  • Sleep disturbances — Sleeping more or less than usual or having trouble falling asleep.

Concussions are the most common TBIs sustained in car accidents, but crash victims can sustain injuries that are more severe and life-threatening. Here are some examples:

  • Hematomas — blood clots that form inside or outside of the brain.
  • Hemorrhages — bleeding that occurs in the brain.
  • Coup-contrecoup — contusions or bruises that form in the brain on the opposite side of impact.
  • Diffuse axonal injury — twisting and tearing of the neurons in the brain that results in loss of consciousness and a potential coma.
  • Skull fractures — the skull breaks or cracks due to the impact of a crash.
  • Open head injury — the skull is penetrated by a projectile or sharp object resulting in severe bleeding or death.

Length of recovery

Never ignore TBI symptoms or try to "walk them off." If you notice any of these symptoms, it's critical that you get to a doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor can evaluate your TBI and determine what type of treatment may be necessary. You may need to be referred to a neurologist or neuropsychologist for a concussion. For a more severe TBI, you may need to be treated by a neurosurgeon and spend several months in rehabilitation.

The amount of time it takes to recover from a concussion depends on the severity of the injury, your age, your health condition, and the treatment you receive. It's extremely important that you follow the recommendations given by your doctor. You may need to rest for several months until you recover. That means taking time off from work and avoiding certain activities that could make your condition worse.

Your recovery will likely include:

  • Prescription medication to manage headaches and other symptoms
  • Avoiding physically demanding tasks or tasks that require a lot of mental concentration
  • Avoiding long-term use of computers, cellphones, video games and other screen-based electronic devices
  • Getting plenty of rest

How to recover your losses

Recovering from a crash-related TBI can be a costly and lengthy process. You could be facing mounting medical expenses while you're unable to work and collect a paycheck. Meanwhile, the other driver's insurance company is more interested in closing out your case as quickly as possible than compensating you to the fullest extent. Beware of the tricks they use, including quick lowball settlement offers. Never accept the outcome of your case without first consulting with an experienced Texas car accident attorney.

The Law Offices of Gene S. Hagood can investigate your crash and gather the facts to support your claim. We can also place an accurate value on your claim and fight to help you recover every dollar owed to you. We know how to deal directly with insurance companies and fight for fair settlements and verdicts. Our case results prove it. Our legal team successfully fought for a $281 million verdict for the family of a veteran who was killed in a truck accident in 2012.

Contact us online or call us to set up your free case evaluation. We operate on a contingency fee basis, so you don't pay unless we win your case.

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With offices in Galveston and Houston, the Law Offices of Gene S. Hagood serve clients throughout Texas. Whether it’s helping injury victims in truck accidents, construction accidents or other accidents due to negligence, Attorney Hagood works tirelessly to get people the compensation they rightfully deserve.

Gene Hagood